Dysentery: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment (2023)

overview

Dysentery: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment (1)

What is dysentery?

Dysentery is aGastrointestinal Disease. This causes seriousDiarrheacontain blood or mucus. There are two main types of dysentery:

  • Amoebic dysentery (amoebiasis):left herEntamoeba histolytica(E. histolytic) is one of the main causes of amoebic dysentery. Other parasites that cause amoebic dysentery includeBalantidium coli(B. coli) miEstrongiloidiasis.
  • dysentery sisters:A bacterial infection causes bacterial dysentery. Some of the more common bacteria that cause bacillary dysentery include:Shigella,salmonella,CampylobactermiEscherichia coli(E coli). Bacillary dysentery is the most common form of dysentery.

Without proper treatment, dysentery can be fatal. If you have any symptoms of dysentery, see your doctor.

Who Affects Dysentery?

Anyone can have dysentery. It is a more common disease in tropical areas of the world with poor water sanitation. Water sanitation is a process that cleans and purifies water so that it becomes drinkable.

You're also more likely to get dysentery if you don't practice good hygiene. you always shouldwash your handsafter using the bathroom. If you don't, you risk contaminating food, water and surfaces.

How common is dysentery?

Dysentery is common. According to studies, there are approximately 1.7 billion cases of dysentery worldwide each year.

symptoms and causes

What are the symptoms of dysentery?

Symptoms of dysentery vary slightly depending on the type of dysentery you have.

Amöbenruhr

Most people with amoebic dysentery have no symptoms.

(Video) What is Dysentery? Causes, Signs and symptoms, Diagnosis and treatment.

Mild symptoms of amoebic dysentery can include:

  • Diarrhea.
  • AltFever.
  • nausea and vomiting.
  • weight loss.
  • Stomach pain.

In rare cases, the parasite can migrate to other areas of your body andabscess.

dysentery sisters

Symptoms of bacillary dysentery may include:

  • diarrhea with blood or mucus
  • high fever
  • nausea and vomiting.
  • painful stomach cramps (there belly).

If you have severe dysentery, complications such as extreme inflammation, enlargement (dilation) of the colon, andNephropathy.

Does dysentery lead to death?

Without proper treatment, dysentery can be fatal. It is particularly deadly for:

  • Small children.
  • people over 50.
  • people who havedehydrationor malnutrition.

What are the causes of dysentery?

The parasitic and bacterial infections that cause dysentery are highly contagious. Normally, people pass the parasite or bacteria to one another when feces (faeces) from an infected person get in another person's mouth. The transfer can take place during:

  • Food preparation by someone who does not wash their hands or has poor hygiene.
  • Drink contaminated water.
  • Sexual contact, especially in the anus.

Bacillary dysentery occurs when a foreign bacterium enters your body and the infection becomes severe. Some of the more common bacteria that cause bacillary dysentery are:

  • Shigella, which leads toshigelosa.
  • salmonella, what causesalmonella.
  • Campylobacter, what causeCampilobacteriose.
  • Escherichia coli, which leads toE. coli infection.

Amoebiasis occurs when a certain parasite enters your body.

Is dysentery contagious?

Yes, dysentery is very contagious. Amoebic dysentery is usually transmitted through contaminated food or water. It can also be spread through oral-anal sexual contact.

(Video) Amebiasis (Amoebic Dysentery) | Entamoeba histolytica, Pathogenesis, Signs & Symptoms, Treatment

diagnosis and testing

How is dysentery diagnosed?

Your doctor will diagnose dysentery. They will ask about your symptoms, perform a physical exam, and order tests.

What tests are done to diagnose dysentery?

If your doctor suspects you have dysentery, he or she will order a stool culture.

To carry out a stool culture, your doctor will provide you with a special container and a disposable spoon. Next time you need to poop, place plastic wrap or newspaper on the rim of the toilet to catch the poop. You can also poop in another container. Take a small sample with the disposable spoon, put it in the special container and give it back to your doctor.

Your doctor will send your sample to a laboratory. There, your sample will be examined by laboratory staff for the presence of bacteria, parasites or ova (parasite eggs).

You may need to provide samples of your feces over several days.

Your doctor may also recommend asigmoidoscopy. A sigmoidoscopy can help your doctor confirm the diagnosis or rule out other causes of your symptoms. During a sigmoidoscopy, your doctor uses a special endoscope to look inside your rectum and lower (sigmoid) colon.

management and treatment

What is the fastest way to cure dysentery?

If you have amebiasis, it's important to get rid of the parasite from your body. Your doctor will prescribe itMetronidazole(Flagyl®). This drug treats parasitic infections. Your doctor can also prescribe it for youAntibioticsand recommend over-the-counter (OTC) medications to treat nausea, includingbismuth subsalicylate(Pepto-Bismol®).

(Video) Differences between Diarrhea and Dysentery...

If you have bacillary dysentery, most people get better within a few days to a week without treatment. If you need medical attention, treatment may include antibiotics andIV fluids. In rare cases you may needblood transfusion.

How do I take care of myself?

If you have dysentery it's a good idea:

  • Avoid anti-diarrheal medications such asLoperamide(Imodium Advanced®) which can make symptoms worse.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration, which is a common side effect of diarrhea.
  • Take over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to relieve pain and fever. The most common NSAIDs includeAspirin(Bayer®),Paracetamol(Tylenol®) yIbuprofen(Advil®).
  • Take over-the-counter medicines to treat nausea, including bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol®).

How long after the treatment will I feel better?

If you have amebiasis, most people feel better after about 14 days. If you have bacillary dysentery, you should feel better within a week.

prevention

How can I prevent dysentery?

The best way to prevent dysentery is good hygiene. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and running water after using the bathroom and before handling or eating food. Other ways to prevent dysentery include:

  • Don't share personal items with other people, including toothbrushes, glasses, and towels.
  • Do not use water unless you are sure it is clean or sterile (germ-free). This includes water for drinking, cooking and brushing your teeth. Use bottled water or chlorine tablets to sterilize the water. You can also sanitize it by bringing it to a boil (bubbly) for at least a minute.
  • Stay away from people with dysentery.
  • Wash all fruits and vegetables under clean running water. Peel them before eating.
  • Cook all foods well.

If you're traveling to an area where dysentery is common, it's also a good idea to avoid ice cubes, soda, water or soft drinks that aren't in a closed container, and unpasteurized dairy products and juices. Pasteurization is a process that kills bacteria.

How can I prevent the spread of dysentery?

If you have dysentery, the following tips may help prevent the infection from spreading:

  • Avoid other people.
  • Do not have sexual contact with anyone else.
  • Do not prepare food for other people.
  • Swimming prohibited
  • Regularly clean bathrooms, sinks and doorknobs with disinfectants.
  • Wash your garment in hot water at a temperature of at least 60°C.

Outlook / Forecast

What can I expect if I have dysentery?

If you have amebiasis, your prognosis is good with proper diagnosis and treatment. After about 14 days you should feel better. If you don't get treatment, amebiasis can lead to death.

(Video) DIARRHEA: Everything You Need To Know! Symptoms. Causes. Concerns. Diagnosis. Treatment.

If you have bacillary dysentery, most people feel better after a week without treatment. Others can develop serious complications that can be fatal. If you have dysentery symptoms for more than a few days, contact your doctor.

to live with

When should I see my doctor?

Talk to your doctor if your symptoms don't go away within a few days, get worse over time, or don't respond to treatment. See a doctor right away if you have signs of dehydration, including:

  • Confusion.
  • Dark colored urine.
  • difficulty urinating.
  • dizzinesssay Dizziness.
  • Dry mouththe cough dries up.
  • Headache.
  • absence of tears in the eyes.
  • muscle cramps.
  • Swollen feet.

What questions should I ask my doctor?

  • How do you know I have dysentery?
  • Do I have amoebic dysentery or bacillary dysentery?
  • How much should I drink to avoid dehydration?
  • What liquids should I drink?
  • Are there foods I should avoid?
  • What medications do you recommend?

frequently asked questions

What is the difference between dysentery and cholera?

Ruhr uWutIt's a gastrointestinal disease. The difference between them is that they have different causes.

There are two main types of dysentery: amebiasis and bacillary dysentery. Parasites cause amebiasis, includingE. histolytic,B. coliand strongyloidiasis. Bacteria cause bacillary dysentery, includingShigella,salmonella,CampylobactermiE coli.

the bacteriaCholera vibrio(V. cholera) causes trouble.

A note from the Cleveland Clinic

Dysentery is a gastrointestinal disease. The main symptom is diarrhea, which may be bloody or contain mucus. Causes are bacterial or parasitic infections. Although many people with dysentery feel better after a few days without medical treatment, dysentery can be fatal, especially in young children, people over 50, and people who are dehydrated or malnourished. If you have a parasitic infection or other serious complications, it's important to see your doctor.

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FAQs

What is diagnosis and treatment of dysentery? ›

Its causes include bacterial or parasitic infections. Symptoms include diarrhea, fever, nausea, vomiting, weight loss and stomach cramps. Your healthcare provider can diagnose dysentery with a stool culture. Treatment includes antibiotics.

What is best treatment for dysentery? ›

Treatment of Dysentery:

Amoebic Dysentery is usually treated with drugs such as metronidazole and tinidazole that are made to kill parasites. If your condition is severe, your doctor may recommend intravenous drips to substitute fluid food intake. This will prevent dehydration.

What is the diagnostic test for dysentery? ›

If a doctor suspects dysentery, a stool sample usually will be required for analysis. For bacterial infections such as shigella, the diagnosis is made by culture of the stool. Unfortunately, such cultures are not available in most developing countries and the diagnosis is made clinically on the basis of symptoms.

What is the first line treatment of dysentery? ›

Children with diarrhoea and blood in stool (i.e. dysentery) should be treated with ciprofloxacin as a first line treatment. Ceftriaxone should be given as a second line treatment in severely ill children where local antimicrobial sensitivity is not known.

What are the symptoms of bacterial dysentery? ›

Bacillary dysentery is a gastrointestinal disease caused by bacterial infection. Symptoms include severe diarrhea, fever, stomach pain, nausea and vomiting. The condition is most common in developing countries with poor sanitation. Some cases can be life-threatening and require antibiotics and hospitalization.

What happens to a person who gets dysentery? ›

Dysentery is inflammation and infection of the intestines, which results in diarrhea containing blood or mucus. Other possible symptoms include stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, and fever. Dysentery can occur as a result of a bacterial or parasitic infection.

How can you prevent dysentery? ›

Because dysentery is spread as a result of poor hygiene, frequent hand washing with antibacterial soap can help minimize the risk of catching it. Particular care should be taken to wash hands before preparing food, and after using the toilet, changing diapers, and coming in contact with a person with dysentery.

What is differential diagnosis for dysentery? ›

The differentials of acute diarrhea include Ischemic colitis, Lactose intolerance, Tropical sprue, Pseudomembranous enterocolitis, Campylobacteriosis, Salmonellosis, Shigellosis, Escherichia coli enteritis, Yersinia enterocolitica, Vibrio cholera, Aeromonas, Plesiomonas, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, ...

What is another name for dysentery? ›

synonyms for dysentery
  • Montezuma's revenge.
  • backdoor trots.
  • diarrhea.
  • diarrhoea.
  • flux.
  • loose stool.
  • runs.
  • summer complaint.

Where is dysentery found? ›

It commonly occurs in less developed areas of Central and South America, Africa, and Asia. Dysentery has been described at least since the time of Hippocrates.

What are the two types of dysentery? ›

There are two major types: bacillary dysentery, caused by bacteria, and amebic dysentery, caused by amoebas.

What is the second line treatment for dysentery? ›

Azithromycin is appropriate as a second-line therapy in regions where the rate of non-susceptibility of ciprofloxacin is known to be high, and research suggests that, from a cardiac point of view, azithromycin is safer than other macrolide antibiotics.

Which antibiotic is best for dysentery? ›

Presently, azithromycin is the preferred first-line antibiotic for the treatment of acute watery diarrhea (single dose 500 mg), as well as for febrile diarrhea and dysentery (single dose 1,000 mg).

What is the risk factor of dysentery? ›

Risk factors for dysentery include: Attendance or work in a day care setting. Close contact with an infected person or animal. Consumption of untreated water from lakes, rivers or streams.

Is dysentery the same as diarrhea? ›

Diarrhoea is a common health condition in which a person suffers from watery and loose stool. Dysentery, on the other hand, is an infection or inflammation of the intestine that can lead to the presence of blood in the watery stool. It is also referred to as bloody diarrhoea.

What is the best treatment for dysentery in children? ›

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that all episodes of diarrhoea with blood in the stool be treated with antibiotics.

How is amoebic dysentery diagnosis? ›

How is it diagnosed? Examination of stools (poop) under a microscope is the most common way for a doctor to diagnose amebiasis. Sometimes, several stool samples must be obtained because the number of amoeba being passed in the stool, which varies from day to day, may be too low to detect from any single sample.

What is the common name of dysentery? ›

Dysentery (UK pronunciation: /ˈdɪsəntri/, US: /ˈdɪsəntɛri/), historically known as the bloody flux, is a type of gastroenteritis that results in bloody diarrhea. Other symptoms may include fever, abdominal pain, and a feeling of incomplete defecation. Complications may include dehydration.

What deficiency causes dysentery? ›

Vitamin B-12 deficiency can affect the digestive tract. A lack of red blood cells means that not enough oxygen reaches the gut. Insufficient oxygen here may lead to a person both feeling and being sick. It may also cause diarrhea.

What are the complications of dysentery? ›

Some potential complications of dysentery include:
  • Dehydration: Frequent diarrhea and vomiting can lead to dehydration. ...
  • Liver abscess: Amebic dysentery can cause an abscess in the liver.
  • Postinfectious arthritis (PIA): A person may develop PIA as a complication of Shigella infection.

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